More About Post Traumatic Stress Disorder


 PTSD (the acronym for post traumatic disorder) is caused by a memory-related blockage occurring between two communicating parts of human brain, amygdala and hippocampus. The information cannot go normally to hippocampus due to high emotional circumstances (especially traumatic experiences). The blockage affects subsequently the neocortex, that part of the brain which is supposed to analyze and classify the information as a memory. The emotional obstruction causes mainly flashbacks, pain attacks and depression, all disorders relating to previous traumas.
Post traumatic stress disorder became a popular diagnostic due to an intensive public campaign which brought forth the negative side effects of war, immediately after the Vietnam experience, although these traumas were also noticed after the World War One.
Post traumatic stress disorder works as a permanent threat that might break anytime into pieces a feeble inner equilibrium. There are certain external stimuli that could activate the trauma, for instance, similar images or noises might recreate a traumatic event followed by a panic attack.
This disorder could appear in various situations, although the patient was not necessarily the victim. Just witnessing such events is enough to feel emotionally overwhelmed, so the blockage between amygdala and hippocampus interferes. For instance, many police officers are suffering from PTSD as they were constantly exposed to violent experiences.
The risks associated with post traumatic stress disorder are higher due to different categories of factors. The first and wider category involves the nature of the traumatic experience; as it has been mentioned before, particular backgrounds and environments has a major impact on the way brain processes fear, threats, anxiety. The second category of factors are related to the intensive and iterative exposure to painful events (the more sufferers have been exposed as witnesses or victims to similar traumatic experiences, the more they can develop severe post traumatic stress disorders).
The most common symptoms indicating post traumatic stress disorder feature recurrence just like nightmares dealing with the same scenario, phobias about possible threats or any other stimulus that reminds the sufferer of the same traumatic event. Auxiliary symptoms affecting overall patients' health condition are: lack of concentration, anxiety, sleep disorder, and quite often physical exhaustion.
Suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder means being "haunted" of aggressive traumatic events that make the patient unable to regain his normal life and to reestablish previous relationships, a sort of incapacity to reconnect to the real world as another one invaded his day-to-day life.
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